LED Fluorescent Tube
If you’re looking to make the switch to LED fluorescent tube but you need some help wiring T8 LED bulbs, read on to learn more about the installation process of single ended live end feed lamps. We will try to give you a good understanding of non-shunted sockets and the powering of these lamps using these helpful tips and the LED tube light connection diagram below.
||Non Shunted and Shunted Sockets
|1. Most common type of sockets are
non-shunted and shunted. Non-shunted on the left
and Shunted on the right side.
Verify the type of socket, or ‘tombstone’.
|2. Typical wiring for
Side, the other Socket
will have no Power.
|3. To confirm which type of socket is in the existing fluorescent
fixture, a voltage meter should be set to “continuity”. If the two
tombstone socket contacts show positive continuity, power flows
between the contacts and the socket is shunted.
What You Need to Know about single ended LED T8 Installations.
Some shunted sockets may have 2 entries like the non-shunted socket, or tombstone. The contacts in shunted sockets connect directly at the socket, so power moves from one contact to the other.
Note: The “shunt” may be internal to the socket and may not be viewable like in the picture above. Before installation you must confirm which type of socket is in the existing fluorescent fixture.
As a general rule T8 fluorescent fixtures with an instant start ballast. They have non-shunted sockets and T12 fluorescent fixtures with a rapid start ballast but usually have shunted sockets. However use a voltage meter to test “continuity”. If the two socket contacts show positive continuity, power flows between the contacts and the socket is shunted.
Shunted sockets must be replaced with a non-shunted type for the ballast bypass single end live power LED retrofit lamp to operate properly. If there is no continuity across the contacts, the tombstone sockets are non-shunted and can be used with the LED tubes.
Type B Single end power T8 led tube
We call these types of installations hard wired, ballast bypass or direct wire. The power is on one end(single end). No driver or ballast required but as the driver is internally located inside of direct wire bypass tube light. After replacing the sockets or verifying you have the correct socket were ready to move on. For this application one socket will have the live power and the other socket will serve solely as a lamp holder, as shown in Figure 2 which features the LED tube light connection diagram. No power will be run to the other end ( the diagram below is for single end LED T8 ballast bypass lamps)
When wiring T8 LED bulbs, the reason this requires non-shunted sockets is that the LED lamp is single end-powered. With shunted sockets, they work with fluorescent because you can utilize sockets on both ends of the fixture to complete the circuit. LED you need a live AND neutral feed on each socket as the line and nuetral feed in to the lamp directly. Non-shunted sockets you can rewire and have one end live accepting the 120 or 277V circuit.
Pros & Cons
Pros – No need to replace or maintain the ballast any longer.
Cons – Safety concerns over someone down the line putting in a fluorescent tube and it malfunctioning or possibly exploding due to the direct line current not being regulated through a ballast. Currently there is a sticker that installers are instructed to be apply at the time of the retrofit to alert but the wiring of the LED bulbs has been altered. This method is also labor intensive and may void the UL classification. Relabeling required and power must be turned OFF but must Be done by Electrician.
It is imperative that one understands the system. They are working with when retrofitting a fluorescent system to an LED direct wire system. For those of you who want to simply go LED but do not want to hassle with wiring T8 LED bulbs, then the “plug and play” option is the one you want.